Can anyone point me in a good direction for information? Ottobah Cugoano, also known as John Stuart (c.1757 – after 1791), was an African abolitionist who was active…, The abolitionists were up against some formidable economic interests – and some of them even ended up getting…, The town and its inhabitants derived great civic and personal wealth from the trade which laid the foundations…, In Jamaica there exists a community called Pennants. Scotland also played a leading role in abolishing the slave trade. At the same time the government in Scotland was exiling criminals and … As a subscriber, you are shown 80% less display advertising when reading our articles. There was also the question of finding a wife who would help ease his way back into polite society, and of course with a young black manservant he would no doubt be talk o’ the toon. READ MORE: Scotland's slavery role must be laid bare before we can build better future Burns’s ambiguity was typical. EVER since I was a teenager, I’ve wanted to visit Jamaica and savour its Caribbean heat, its energy, its natural beauty. the message. Pitt, the British Prime Minister, said in 1800 that Jamaica provided Britain with most of the money "acquired" from the Empire. Her teacher would whip their hands if wrong answers were given, with talons attached that would flick around the other side of her hands. It has been georeferenced by the Map Collections team at the National Library of Scotland, allowing a smooth transfer between the 1804 map and a modern satellite image.. It’s not right, but seems to be a mistake that we make again and again. She lived up the way from the Edinburgh dockyards where black Africans worked on ship building. “There was a feeling in Scotland that something was wrong, which is not to say we didn’t let it go on for 300 years.”. The First Scots in Jamaica. It is an inhumane practice and violation of the value of all image bearers of God. It did back then, it still It is appalling but necessary to recognise the countries part in this. Burns was days away from boarding The Nancy in Greenock, bound for Savanna La Mar, Jamaica, to work on a slave plantation. I been doing a bit of research into Scotland involvement in the slave trade myself. Still, the stone’s in the shoe. Flag Up Scotland Jamaica is very much in its infancy. Slavery is an evil. Scotland doesn’t have the racial structures or barriers that many places have … in fact I didn’t encounter racism until I was in my mid twenties early thirties. poor and the rich is getting wider. First page of the petition of Joseph Knight v Wedderburn. Of Jamaica, he says, this is a country that "has contributed more wealth to the world than it will ever receive, while enduring a most pernicious slavery for hundreds of years". The imposing south-facing home with a massive lawn and lake out-front is now owned by a Christian charity which runs activity camps for young people. Read more – The Scottish Slavery Map: Plotting out Scotland's past. James Robertson visited the location while researching the novel and his evocative descriptions of the area's topology conjure up the sights, smells and noises of this corner of rural Jamaica. Joseph Knight spent several years at Ballendean before summoning the courage to run away and begin petitioning for his freedom. Just another aberration of Capitalism, exploit the hapless and the helpless for profit. That's what rebellion against the Crown got you in those days and it was hardly surprising that the Wedderburn boys fled Scotland to try and make a living far away from where family allegiances might have held them back. Our economy benefited hugely from this colonial episode and although many Scots were pioneers in the campaign for emancipation, we also had huge vested interests and politicians who ensured that slavery continued for much longer than it should have done. Let’s not be hypocrites here. Scotland has been populated for a very long time since the late iron age after the last ice age by the people known as the picts and had their own culture and identity before the celts had made foothold in the country and before it had taken the name Alba or Scotland. Scotland’s slave trade legacy. But there was a deep-rooted fear in Britain that the wheels of commerce would grind to a halt without slavery. Yes, there were certainly overseers returning to Scotland (and emigrating to the US and elsewhere) with wealth from the industry. Being the oppressor and promoting themselves as the Oppressed is good example of their nature and history. Lord Auchinleck, a judge in the Knight case, said: “It may be the custom in Jamaica to make slaves of poor blacks but I do not believe it is agreeable to humanity nor to the Christian religion. The architect of the Abolition Bill was James Stephen, born of Scots parents and educated in Aberdeen. Leith in Edinburgh and Glasgow were popular ports from which ambitious Scottish men sailed to make their fortunes as slave masters. In 1817 Scots owned almost a third of all the slaves in Jamaica. I wasn’t surprised therefore to learn that many Jamaicans named Wedderburn still populate southern and western Jamaica – though we can't know how many are descendants of slaves who were simply given the name of their owners, rather than the progeny of dubious master-slave relationships. of Free-Market, De-Regulated, Limited Government Also, is there a difference between Menzies and Menzie? So BAME/POC, what do you want as your short-term, medium, and longer term goals. Few could afford this, until a further law in 1799 … No need to My family surname comes from the Scottish background. Amazing how such a small minority can call the tune, There is a great book being written at the moment which looks at this. Question : Who Owns Scotland ? Scotland’s history of oppression is hidden behind their untruthful approach to history presenting as oppressed. He founded the Anti-Slavery Reporter and eventually became governor of Sierra Leone, a colony founded by freed slaves. Around 1769, Joseph Knight sailed with John Wedderburn for Scotland. In the last six months I have been shooting a project which examines Scotland’s links with the slave-based sugar economy of Jamaica in the 18th and 19th Century. just a bottomless pit of Lost Money. Jamaica. Jamaica was important to the British Empire. Many of Scotish industries, schools and churches were founded from the profits of African slavery. Good day! We are connected to the Campbell’s of St Elizabeth by James Campbell who had Sarah Campbell (a quadroon) with Ann Reynolds (a plantation slave). Won. This street was named in celebration of slave trade links of Glasgow merchants in Caribbean. He said: “For many years Scotland’s historians harboured the illusion that our nation had little to do with the slave trade or plantation slavery. (free database) A Tale of Two Plantations: Enslaved Families in Virginia and Jamaica explores enslaved families at the Mesopotamia plantation in Jamaica. My last name is Ross and is a Scottish sir name. Vera Pro Gratis, True Things Not Pleasant Things. As far back as the first Darien expedition of 1698, Scots had tried to join in the economic exploitation of the Caribbean region. What about William Wallace and Robert the Bruce ? After all, few vessels left Scottish ports for Africa to participate in the horrific slave trade. My mother came from the Campbell’s Smith felt that the Many Scottish were forced and you can see how they were hung, quartered, beheded, raped, and tortured if you read the history. Macaulay’s recollections from her trip to Glasgow were illuminating: “Although Glasgow was made rich by sugar and tobacco and that great wealth is still evident in lavish buildings; in general, the Scots have felt slavery was an English crime because they were less directly involved in the trafficking of human beings. April 20, 2009 Don Jaide. The Athens of the North had a long and profitable relationship with slavery. Having left under a post-Culloden cloud he wanted to regain the family prestige that had made the Wedderburns near-nobility prior to 1745. Wondering what the possible connections could be? So given that most countries in the world have a history of slavery, and some a hand in the abolition thereof, what do POC want here in Scotland? Despite the obvious poverty that pervades the area it is a beautiful place with dense tropical foliage and waterfalls. But the Scots flocked to the West Indies and they made money in many trades and occupations created by the sugar plantations, made possible by slavery – in 1774, according to historian Edward Long, one-third of the white population in Jamaica was Scottish.”. Did they take part in that also ? It has nothing to do with the colour of their skins. Last year, Scotland marked 300 years of union with England and Wales under the umbrella of … Surnames remain a sensitive topic in Jamaica. The 'Tobacco Lords' made their fortunes in the colonies before returning to Scotland, many building large mansions. Every time I ran a search it took me to Scotland, I then googled slaves in Scotland and was astonished to find out that Scotland had slaves. Williams Some of the many mixed-race children that resulted were given their freedom but many more remained slaves. But there culture is no different to English same religion and very little difference. The average person is/was one. I’ve been researching the Hamilton history and they came up. I am an ignorant American in matters of Scotch history, but application of arithmetic to above sentence leaves me most curious. It was only when economists like the Scot Adam Smith suggested slavery hampered freedom of enterprise that the argument took hold that it was no longer financially viable. Macaulay was repulsed by what he saw while working as an overseer in a West Indies plantation. They nearly didn’t manage to drag her out. You will find it fascinating. The 'Tobacco Lords' made their fortunes in the colonies before returning to Scotland, many building large mansions. Yet it is a testament to their character that they have managed and still do to present as under dogs and act as if they have suffered like the Irish… Orange order is a good example of their history and shines a light on the truth. but felt that the Moral Argument against Slavery wasn’t It still exists today in certain areas of the world . Big Hooses Built on the Backs of Slaves June 29, 2015 by Stephen In the last six months I have been shooting a project which examines Scotland’s links with the slave-based sugar economy of Jamaica in the 18th and 19th Century. This was remarkable in the light of Glasgow’s wealth coming from tobacco, sugar and cotton, and Jamaica Streets being found in a number of Scottish towns and cities. In Jamaica they first trained as doctors then bought land with the aim of growing sugar. And Finoula, for goodnessake… Your “they they they” of Scottish people is an unhelpful and totally narrow-minded generalisation. ... By around 1800, a staggering 30 percent of slave plantations in Jamaica, where there are still Scottish surnames and place names, were owned by Scots. The Grand Orange Lodge of Scotland has about 50,000 members. and all the legacy joys that come with it. does so now. Her novel, Huracan, intertwines several stories of Scots who came to Jamaica looking for a new beginning, whether as a plantation bookkeeper or as a missionary. The wealth which flowed into Scotland from the slave trade is marked on the landscape. Thankfully such efforts to persuade people in Britain of the good of slavery were unsuccessful. From what I understand they are to a man, loyalists, and in any independence election would have voted to remain. They were at the heart of colonialism yet they promote a hatred of the English to hide behind. He was knighted in 2014 New Year’s Honours for services to human rights, science and charity. He was a merchant born in Scoonie, Fife, in 1740. beginning of the end for the unbelievable practice of Scots travelled out to the colonies and generated great wealth for Scotland based on slave labour. Slavery is still going on to this day. His great national poem, based on Bruce's speech to the army before Bannockburn, 'Scots Wha Hae', reflects blood-firing sentiments that are still active in Scotland today. I get the impression that someone from Scotland may have wronged you in the past, I will apologise on their behalf and assure you that we re not all the same. We’re all human beings, with different wants, needs, abilities, cultures, and ideas. The majority of middle class English have Scottish roots. I was determined to visit Glen Isla myself but it is so small that it doesn’t feature on any Google Earth map, so I asked Robertson for directions to the plantation itself. They may have lived in poverty and harsh conditions but were much more likely to own slaves themselves. Data returned from the Piano 'meterActive/meterExpired' callback event. by making those who supported slavery realise that it was actually money being lost rather than money being My grandmother told stories to me as a child. Nonetheless, as that would make Scotland the second country in the world to outlaw slavery, that is nothing to be ashamed of. Grenada and Barbados. Sir Godfrey Palmer is a distinguished Jamaican-born scientist, and was appointed Jamaica's first honorary consul to Scotland in 2018. Mr Whyte said: “We can be ashamed of our past but also proud of it. I hope there will be more of that – and maybe study, work and citizenship opportunities for any Jamaicans who wanted it. When they slipped her in home back in their tenement house with the shiny brass doorstep, she was dripping wet and they were terrified that their mother would find out where they’d been. Most slaves were black but many were Asian and even on the Barbary Coast the slaves were white Europeans. The Irish language culture music dance is not Celtic but Irish culture and known all over the world. A selection of documents has been digitised from one series of records (TSK 22 2). was at heart an Anglophile and seen The British as Fellow Aryans. But Scots too played a huge role in winning the slaves their freedom. One was brought from Virginia to Beith in Ayrshire and trained as joiner so he could be sold later for a profit. but it has ever been thus and will always be thus. How does one find out the names of the slaves held by the Scottish. Our ancestors back home obtained cheap sugar from the Caribbean to sweeten tea and provide energy-laden foods while the massive profits that flowed from the West Indies turbo-charged Scottish industries such as fishing, weaving, railways and mining. However, complete abolition of slavery did not come until 1833. Campbell My grandmother had learnt to swim on a school chair all in rows in class and of course, never learnt to swim in water as a result. Any information would be greatly appreciated. Maybe The Godfather Moral Argument, of which he was a very strong advocate, was falling on deaf ears. These give an insight into Scottish trade with the West Indies at that time. Barnett She always said that they was Scottish. In one case in Glasgow in the 1760s, slave Ned Johnson was brought from Virginia and then saved by neighbours when he was hung up and whipped by his master in a barn. In 1796, Scots owned nearly 30 per cent of the estates in Jamaica and by 1817, a staggering 32 per cent of the slaves. web site? There are 814 sugar plantations on Robertson's map and all have been linked to … This debate perfectly encapsulated the wilful denial of Scotland’s involvement in Caribbean slavery. But why this Found documents that they had many. Scotland and the UK Coming to Terms with its History of Slavery in the West Indies. A number of children of slave owners and West Indian women were brought back to Scotland in the 1700s and early 1800s and there are a few articles on this. Scotland and Slavery. Economic drivers. Scots travelled out to the colonies and generated great wealth for Scotland based on slave labour. Glasgow, Scotland – When abolitionist Frederick Douglass arrived in Scotland on a speaking tour in 1846 from the United States, 13 years had passed since Britain enacted the Slavery … If you have a complaint about the editorial content which relates to inaccuracy or intrusion, then please contact the editor here. argue that, yes, the rich are getting richer, but the poor Joseph Knight (fl. As most scots would say , yer full ae shite. “It is healthy we are now recognising Scotland was very much involved.”. Any suggestions of where i might find more info. Racism is borne out of fear and a lack of knowledge or understanding. Does anyone know how to get the names of the slaves and the children of the slaves??? I got a sense of the hard work, industry and motivation that made them successful in Jamaica and well known in my father's parish. Based on the picturesque Brayford…, We are committed to transforming lives through education. Black Bathgate Academy was built from money willed by John Newland, a renowned slave master and Dollar Academy has a similar foundation. White slavery to the American Colonies occurred as early as 1630 in Scotland. In some cases, the young men who went to the Caribbean had no land or money to their name when they left Scotland. My surname is Cowan. It’s dangerous to look at history with the eyes of the present day. They attach themselves to the Irish culture by saying we share Celtic past. These industries, which saw Glasgow and much of the country flourish, were built on the back of slavery. This slavery produced a black Scottish Diaspora - the spread of people from their original homeland - in the Caribbean. Jolly The Chisholme, Ellice, Houston and Melville Paperscontain good examples. Catholics were not considered fully white in the USA. If you are dissatisfied with the response provided you can contact IPSO here, By There are 814 sugar plantations on Robertson's map and all have been linked to … The map of Jamaica was produced by James Robertson from land surveys of Jamaica between 1796 and 1799 and published in 1804. I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Its common knowledge that owners and overseers had children with their slaves..Both Sarah and Ann, a product of such a union, were ‘free quadroon” and free mustee’ because their father was white. the very strong Economic Argument that Slavery was A plantation where 1,000 slaves worked link to the history of slavery in national. Following the union of parliaments in 1707, Scotland gained formal access to the transatlantic slave trade. made ( Smith did oppose Slavery on Moral Grounds too The obvious irony is that 'slavery' is an important word in many of Burns's poems. But there is no doubt the profits slaves helped to create kick-started the industrial revolution in Scotland and brought it’s merchants and traders great wealth. Three letters written by him were donated to the Mitchell Library in 1934. But Scotland was also home to slaves who were great instigators in winning their freedom. Do you not realise the English done it to the Scots in their own backyard before they done it too pretty much every other place in the planet. There are full references to thesecollections in the thematic list on slavery available in the Special Collections Reading Room. This important precedent didn’t mean all slaves were freed, but did mean no person in Scotland could beheld by law as a slave, which wasn’t the case in England. Much like Ireland, there were people who wanted to remain Catholic and separate while others wanted to jin the British. It was an important step in the abolition of slavery itself and in the suppression of the slave trade. Also, to Aine mf who claims white people were never held as slaves in America — they were held as indentured servants. We need to stop pretending Europeans are the source of all evil in the world, white Scottish and Irish indentured servants WERE SLAVES, what seriously was the difference? However, Scotland also punched above its weight in the abolition movement. Is that any different to chaining that individual up or abusing them for profit? Wedderburn’s father had fought under the Great Pretender at Culloden, and paid for it by being hung, drawn and quartered at Kennington Common in London. It appears that the captain of the ship which brought him to Jamaica there sold him to John Wedderburn of Ballendean, Scotland. Ps. The Capitalists As the cultivation of sugar cane was introduced, the number of slaves grew to 9,504 by 1673. With a long history in the training of teachers, we…, By consistently living our values, we seek to eliminate those things that undermine or are harmful to anyone…, Exploring Black History: The 1817 Slave Registers Uncovered, BBM 2021 New Year Music Industry Knowledge-Boosting Online Masterclass, The South West London Adoption Consortium,, The Welsh slave owner and anti-abolitionist MP Richard Pennant, Cheshire Constabulary – Join our policing family, Do you want to become a Police officer? Join us and you could be a part of…, We are incredibly lucky to work in the world of making delicious biscuits! The good and the bad. Most overseers and plantocracy in Jamaica and the American south were of Scottish ancestry. In Jamaica at the time, slaves far outnumbered their white counterparts by twelve to one (12-1). Diana Macaulay, an award-winning author and founder of the Jamaica Environment Trust, a pressure group for maintaining the island’s natural landscapes. These adverts enable local businesses to get in front of their target audience – the local community. It is important that we continue to promote these adverts as our local businesses need as much support as possible during these challenging times. MacDonald In spring of this year I was planning a photography trip to Jamaica and researching historical figures who left home in the 1700s to embark on a journey across the Atlantic in pursuit of great wealth. Pernicious slavery. The Stirling of Keir archive is one of Scotland’s major collections for the study of Caribbean slavery. “We swept it under the carpet. That set of Campbells got around the plantation and got around it good. Subsequently the island attracted a growing number of Scottish immigrants who generally arrived as indentured servants. Surname Aird with Afro-Panamanian and Caribbean bloodline mixed with Scottish on father’s paternal side. I am of African, Scottish and Ireland ancestry, Can anyone tell me the origin of Menzie? This important precedent didn’t mean all slaves were freed, but did mean no person in Scotland could beheld by law as a slave, which wasn’t the case in England.”. There’ currently a small revival of people going back to the first Christian faith of Orthodox Christianity. They use the word Celtic to promote a culture that is non existent but like to say is similar to Irish again allowing a distorted smoke screen to truth. I am shocked to learn of a Scottish involvement and really think we should have learned about this in school. The family had sugar estates in Jamaica – Hampden in St James and Frontier in St Mary. You guys should read Born Fighting: How The Scots-Irish Shaped America. Pure ethnic grievance mongering at the expense of genuine history. It is a question that Rich people own/ed slaves Not good, even in 1786. Well my family went to Jamaica from. I wanted to photograph the land which had once been owned by rich Scots and see what remained of the great houses they had built for themselves and from where they could gaze down upon their slaves toiling in the fields. I think that it is terrible that, at a time when every country on the planet had a slave trade, that the Scots did as well. Yes, slavery has existed since the days that man first realised he could beat his neighbour and oppress him. The recent election have all those characteristics in play. Glasgow was a major importer of slave produced sugar and the sugar sheds in Greenock still exist today. ... (2007) a book on slavery and its legacies. Lisa Williams of the Edinburgh Caribbean Association takes us on a tour of Edinburgh with a difference… In the heart of the New Town. Home > are also getting Richer. As such, adverts appeared in the papers for both the sale of enslaved people and rewards for the return of runaway slaves. Scotland also played a leading role in abolishing the slave trade. What would POC in Scotland like as an outcome from this? Sarah Campbell married William Shaw Byrne (white english) and they had Ann Shaw (a mustee) William and Ann were my father in laws g-g-g grandparents. It comes in many forms, from the slavery was saw Lincoln tackle, to the very modern face of slavery, where our circumstances provide us with so few choices that we effectively live as slaves. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback For many years, the goods and profits from West Indian slavery were unloaded at Kingston docks in Glasgow. As you look out through the misty vegetation down towards the cane fields it is hard not to think of Joseph Knight, dutifully working in the big house for his master. Lairds, “ have done then ? to Finoula, There were plenty of bScots who were never pro-British. I hope the focus to explore this will continue. “ You’ve In 1792, the year that produced the most petitions for abolition, there were 561 from Britain – a third of which came from Scotland. It is Paulk. Answer : 1500 Capitalists. Wedderburn, a very rich man thanks to Britain’s insatiable appetite for sugar, was determined to return to his homeland and acquire the life of a respectable gentleman in Hanoverian North Britain. Did he have any inkling that he would go on to make legal history in Scotland with a cause celebre that in its time prompted Edinburgh Enlightenment figures such James Boswell and Lord Kames to wade into the legal arguments? The memorial at Loch Shiel was built using wealth created in the slave plantations of Jamaica by a Highlander whose descendants fought for the Jacobites during the rising, new research has found. Thanks! Sugar cane is still grown on the plain beneath Glen Isla but the plantation house that John Wedderburn would have inhabited on the cooling hillside has long disappeared. History of Slavery > Scotland and Slavery. Finoula. Many Rastafarians have taken new African names as a way of refusing to acknowledge the dominating power of slavery through the centuries. Young In 1817 Scots owned almost a third of all the slaves in Jamaica. Scotland must acknowledge its role in the slave trade. Knight was Wedderburn’s personal slave and like many black slaves in Scotland at the time, he was well fed, dressed and even educated. Let us all fight to eradicate the exploitation of our fellow humans. Ewing from Glasgow was the richest sugar producer in Jamaica. I can only find him on marriage records and birth records for his children. There's no point denying our role in slavery and indeed, shouldn’t we be in dialogue with the Caribbean nations to ask how we can make amends for this period? During my time in school we were taught about the oppression of Scotland by the English as well as Scotlands part in colonialism and its part in the slave trade. Every continent and every culture at some point in history participated in slavery in one way or another. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. The birth records of the time are pretty good and as we say in Jamaica, “They were dropping seed where they could”. This followed the case of James Knight, a slave who won his freedom when the Court of Session in Edinburgh ruled Scotland could not support slavery. day it is all about Profit., I believe my 4 x great grandfather was a slave or son of. The Wee Free Church was founded using profits and donations from the slave trade. Samuel Sharpe, a self educated slave, was born in Jamaica in 1801. Once in Scotland… Yet I have a theory – no more than that, so it cannot be a cause – that Burns was not so much planning a … How could it not be when slaves were banished from keeping their original names and were given names, often comedic or infantile, by their owners? Exploitation and “white slavery” still exists. In 1807, the slave trade in British Colonies became illegal and British ships were no longer allowed to carry slaves. Pop down off your high horse and join some reasonable discussion, would you thanks. But Scotland’s capital has a murky past. Scotland’s history of Oppression in Ireland has also been hidden.They have a history of being at the heart of colonialism with the English. Linen manufacture was a key element in Scotland’s economic growth and by the early nineteenth century, more than half of Scotland’s linen was exported to clothe both the slaves and their owners in the Caribbean. 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