The isolated fungi … Larval feeding inside shoots results in wilting of the young shoot. The mean shoot and fruit damages were in the order of T 2 < T 1 < T 4 < T 3 < T 5 < T 6. Any ... holistic planning in a synchronized mode will help the farmers to manage biological complex farming systems in a profitable manner. Pheromones for the management of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. In young plants, caterpillars are reported to bore inside petioles and midribs of large leaves. endstream endobj 748 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 745 0 R/StructTreeRoot 32 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 749 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 750 0 obj <>stream The most economical and eco friendly means of management is IPM which helps to manage the insect in huge amount. 2007. Farmers have resorted … FSB-resistant brinjal or Bt brinjal was developed using a transformation process similar to the one used in the development of Bt cotton, a biotech crop that was planted on 7.6 million hectares in India in 2008. 4. Chemical control of shoot and fruit borer in brinjal.4. Changing the shape (square and triangular) and number (two and four) of entry holes in the water trap had no significant effect on trap catch. Spray botanical insecticides such as neem, hot pepper and kakawate extracts. Severe damage to fruits and shoots … J Econ. Affected leaves, shoots or fruits should be plucked and destroyed at a distance from the field. New shoots may grow but this delays crop maturity. In the current study, the genetic variability was analysed among … Ovipositional deterrent and ovicidal effects of Neem Azal against brinjal shoot and fruit borer and leaf beetle Shashpa. The FSB is a small larva that bores inside shoots, resulting in the withering of the shoots… This website belongs to Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, an autonomous organization under the Rouf, F.M.A. Abstract. This guide presents a simple, safe, and economical method of controlling eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB, Leucinodes orbonalis). However, there are few Bt vegetable crops. Brinjal Crop Shoot and Fruit Borer Management Apply neem cake at 250kg/ha at 30 days in the wake of relocating. Nautiyal, 1988. Eggplant (Solanum melongena Linn. The pest is known to cause about 16 and 70% damage to shoots … Keep pheromone traps at 12 nos./ha Spray SUPER SAFAYO, LAUNCHER or carbaryl 50WP at 2g/lit beginning from one month after transplanting at 15 days interval. Beauveria bassiana, A. niger, and P. expansum showed appreciable antagonism to L. orbonalis, and their lethal doses with 50 % mortality … The main difficulty in evolving a suitable control measure against this pest is that it belongs to one of the most serious categories of insect pest internal feeder. The entomopathogenic capacity of the isolated fungi was tested against the brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen) which is the major insect pest of brinjal. Host range Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. In heavy infestation, the whole plant should be uprooted and destroyed. Insecticide use in Bangladesh is very particularly high on vegetables, especially on eggplant (brinjal) which is attacked by the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB). Singh and M.C. *, Wani A.R., Muneer, Sofi A., Pathana S.S. Department of Entomology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology, Shalimar, Srinagar-19006, Jammu and Kashmir ... in particular use of sex pheromones, judicious use of chemicals, biological and mechanical control. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and tender shoots. characters offer some degree of resistance to brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Table 1) whereas susceptible varieties have thinner cuticle and collenchymatous area (hypodermis), loose parenchyma ... B. S. and S.O. Ghimire, S. N. 2001. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guennee) is an important and widely distributed insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). serious pest of brinjal is brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee. h�b```�fV�)� ��ea��``dh�� (4�a��wNew�Ά�b���������Bt +2�X���� 2�Q�A�A�!FAP�������Ah �AF�6 Cultivate the soil by plowing and harrowing and use plastic mulch to minimize pupation in the soil. %%EOF The eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a notorious insect pest that causes havoc across all eggplant cultivation areas in … Biotine- M is a natural plant extract based biorational solution to combat brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. It is a systemic biological insecticide with a wide … Control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts. Indian journal of Entomology 71(4): 284-287. + weekly release of 50,000 to 60,000 Trichogramma chilonis + two sprays of BT @1ml/L at 10 days interval at peak flowering. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a serious insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in all brinjal growing countries. The predator parasites get released and start preying on the shoot and fruit borer pest, thus helping farmers increase the brinjal yield. When ingeste… Plants expressing Cry proteins from the bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), have become a major tactic for controlling insect pests in maize and cotton globally. Effect of mechanical barrier and sanitation on the damage of 8 ... eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenée), the larvae of which bore inside eggplant fruit. Larval feeding inside the fruit results in the destruction of fruit tissue, making even slightly damaged fruit unfit for marketing. Use nylon net barriers to prevent the migration of the moth to other crops or fields. Time control efforts according to the target pest's biology for best results. Abstract. Evaluation of bio-pesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer and sucking pests. During recent years the brinjal fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, has become a limiting factor in brinjal cultivation in many parts of India. Entomon 7: 257 -259. Acknowledgements Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Ahmed, 1965. Scenario of infestation and management of eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (L.) Guen. Among insect pests brinjal fruit and shoot borer is one of the most destructive obnoxious and damaging major key pest of egg plant in South and Southeast Asia. Mishra, P.N., Y.V. Spraying of sevimol (0.1%) or carbaryl (0.1%), Endrin (0.04%), Endosulphane … 03-548 : 56. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science. Locally-produced clear plastic water traps (12 cm × 14 cm base and 21 cm height) were optimized for use in large-scale mass trapping trials for control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée. Bt brinjal incorporates the cry1Ac gene expressing insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB. Indian Hort. The fallen fruits and dropping leaves and shoots containing larvae should be destroyed. As a result, the affected leaves may drop off. This is a title only record which contains no abstract. Indoxacarb was applied at 75 and 150 g a.i. Biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer Biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer Pheromone trap@1 for 400 sq.m. It is a major and regular pest of brinjal causing damage to even 30 -50% of fruits or more. Author(s) : Singh, P. K. Author Affiliation : Birsa Agricultural University, Zonal Research Station, Dumka - 814 101, Jharkhand, India. 28, AVRDC publication No. Control of major pest of brinjal.2. Changing the shape (square and triangular) and number (two and four) of entry holes in the water trap had no significant effect on trap … Remove damaged and infested shoots and fruits and dispose properly. Avoid continuous cropping of brinjal crop; Grow the varieties with long and narrow fruits in … EFSB typically causes losses of 86% or more 3. To control the insect, we should first understand the … The borer maintains its breeding activities on the brinjal plants during crop season (September to March) and on weeds (Solanum nigrum and S. xanthocarpum) during off season (April to August).The life cycle of the borers varied from 26 … Management of insect pests by biological control is an alternative strategy that results in pesticide-free pro-duce with no hazard to the environment. Raju SVS, Bar UK, Shankar Uma, Kumar Shadendra. Brinjal fruit & shoot borer (LEUCINODES ORBONALIS) is a serious pest for brinjal plant. This method has been … Herein we provide the first publicly available data on field performance in Asia of eggplant … Yield losses in … It is the larvae feeding in- side eggplant fruit that are responsible for damage. 1999;5(2):193-196. 786 0 obj <>stream The damaged shoots ultimately drop off, disturbing plant growth and reducing fruit number and size. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit … June, August and October. A genetically modified brinjal, called Bt brinjal, has been developed … Conclusion Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer is serious pest of brinjal. These larvae tunnel inside a tender shoot or fruit. 2. In South Asia, brinjal shoot and fruit borer causes severe yield losses (85–90%) (Misra 2008; Jagginavar et al. Nature of Damage- Damage to the plant is caused mainly by the larvae, which bores through the terminal part of the mid rib of large leaves and tender shoots to cause “dead hearts”. 2. The Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB) The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (FSB) is the most destructive insect pest for eggplant in South and South East Asia. Remove the affected terminal shoot showing boreholes. (1999) Effect of schedule spray and farmers' practice for the control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer. ��Ѳ��=��3����? It is the most important pest in … Bioefficacy of botanicals and biopesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera). 5 Biological Control 13 6 Sex Pheromone 24 7 Socio-economics of Eggplant Protection in Bangladesh 35 8 Pilot Project Demonstration and Promotion of IPM 44 References 54 Tables Table 1. Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India. incubation period, larval period, pupal period, oviposition, fecundity, adult longevity and sex ratio were studied during different months i.e. ]�.�D�C�5�J7�!\� Y�b��N7����_vQ�Q�+�E��F@)7����d{X��KzK���FIE���Mg�u���_��Q־JX��6����/�s��VG$[cC=o�ɀ�J���k�%�QR��>j�BD4�]E� It is of practical importance to precisely trace the genetic variability in the expanding geographical distribution of the pest. As part of an insect resistance management strategy, studies were conducted to determine the susceptibility of the targeted insect pest, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer… The residues of the insecticide were quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Eggplant or brinjal (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) (Leucinodes orbonalis). The different parameters of biology viz. In Southern and Southern East Asia, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (BSFB) is the most harmful pest for eggplant. There are different types of management for the control of this insect. In Southern and Southern East Asia, the eggplant fruit and shoot borer (BSFB) is the most harmful pest for eggplant. 768 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<66726BDD16C0164E8A23BE68C45CB201>]/Index[747 40]/Info 746 0 R/Length 97/Prev 402746/Root 748 0 R/Size 787/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Chatterjee, H. 2009. Eggplant or brinjal ( Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia where it is attacked by brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) ( Leucinodes orbonalis ). 'XC'\�Q1�G/ [�XZ�g��nT��x��! Please see the bibliographic details to the right. 0 h��Ymo�6�+��a��wQ@Q ɚ�X�u���&Zḇ[��߻�)E�[�m�qЙG����G�,9S� �ᩘ�h�LiA1L�+Z&�Ī%��JP��aI��g�( 2009). The biology and control of brinjal (eggplant) shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. The biology of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis,was studied on brinjal variety Punjab Sada bahar. Studies on eco-friendly management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, L. orbonalis through organic manures revealed that maximum (75%) requirement of the nitrogen by the crop provided through the neem cake combined with the inorganic fertilizers recorded the shoot infestation, fruit infestation on number and weight basis. @article{Pareet2009EvaluationOB, title={Evaluation of bio-pesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer … 1. The pest is known to cause about 16 and 70% damage to shoots and fruits, respectively. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit … National symposium on eggplant Shoot and fruit borer, IIVR, Varanasi. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, ... insecticides to control EFSB because other control measures such as manual removal of EFSB-damaged fruits and wilted shoots, use of biological control arthropods and pheromone traps have proven ineffective, impractical and … If you have questions, call us at 1-800-827-2847. In this study, … Annual Report 1998–99. Use of attractant or pheromone lure to suppress male population. 747 0 obj <> endobj ... biological control organisms; brinjal; brinjal fruit and shoot borer… h�bbd``b`�$Z�� ��H�f�$����D��s�@J@�AJ�����T�H�Ę� �\�&�P�����T�������� رQ Among the various insecticides evaluated against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis), Emamectin emamectin Subject Category: Chemicals and Chemical Groups see more details benzoate 5 SG @ 12.5 g a.i./ha treated plots showed lowest infestation and gave higher fruit yield (253.12) followed by Flubendiamide flubendiamide … Biological control of eggplant shoot and fruit borer: current status and future prospects. 1973;18(1):21. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. Brinjal pest management. This fruit and shoot borer only infest on all kinds of egg plants or brinjal and it feed internally damaging the tender shoots and fruits. Per cent fruit damaged (2004-2005). Trapping and monitoring adults should be … ... Pakistan Journal of … Title: Bt eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) in Bangladesh: Fruit production and control of eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee), effects on non-target … Once the larva Shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Technical bulletin No. The mean initial deposits of indoxacarb on eggplant … Copyright © 2020 ICAR-IIHR, This site is Maintained by Agricultural Knowledge Management Unit, ICAR - E Mail Unified Communications (icar.gov.in), ITMU [ Institute Technology Management Unit], Sophisticated analytical instrument facility (SAIF), Society for Promotion of Horticulture (SPH), Post Graduate School in Horticultural Sciences, Varieties / Technologies released by ICAR - IIHR, ATIC - Agricultural Technology Information Center, Biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. ), or brinjal, was engineered to express an insecticidal protein (Cry1Ac) from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) and commercialized in Bangladesh on a limited basis in 2014. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer… Control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leuonodes orbonalis with combination of insecticides and plant extracts. In Meghalaya reported that it damaged 26.3 – 62.5% fruit of eggplant. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee is a serious insect pest of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) in all brinjal growing countries. ... 0.04 per cent, neemazal 0.005 per cent or NSKE 5 per cent were economic … Abstract A study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a biorational integrated approach for the management of brinjal (Pusa Purple Cluster) fruit and shoot borer (L. orbonalis) using … In case of heavy infestation, the whole plant should be uprooted and destroyed. The entomopathogenic capacity of the isolated fungi was tested against the brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen) which is the major insect pest of brinjal. Despite the importance of brinjal and severity of BSFB control measures are still limited to frequent sprays of toxic chemical pesticides. Pesticides usage for the control of the insect pests in brinjal is high (Shetty 2004). Soon after boring into shoots or fruits, they plug the entrance hole with excreta. Entomol., 58: 448-451. Effect of Steinernema carpocapsae against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. pp 52 – 53.Google Scholar (1999) Effect of schedule spray and farmers' practice for the control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit … 3. 22 (3): 594 … Shoot and fruit borer: Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Distribution and status India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand, Burma, Srilanka, Laos, South Africa, Congo. 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Corpus ID: 82857300. 3. EFSB larvae bore into tender shoots and stunt plant growth and burrow inside fruits, making them unfit for human consumption. This is a video clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on "communicating science through video presentations". Dar Showket A. Field screening of brinjal cultivar for resistance to Leucinodes orbonalis Guen … Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. It results in drooping of leaves and shedding of flower buds. Natarajan N. 2005. ha − 1 for two years to an eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) crop grown in the field plots in order to evaluate its efficacy for management of the lepidopteron pest, shoot and fruit borer. Eggplant … Although approved by India's biosafety authority, a moratorium was imposed by the then minister of environment Jairam Ramesh in 2010 after vociferous protests by anti-GMO … IPM for brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes Orbonalis)-A review. Spraying of sevimol (0.1%) or carbaryl (0.1%), Endrin (0.04%), Endosulphane (0.05%), Malathion (0.1%) at regular intervals keep the pest infestation under control. Per cent fruit damage at each harvest … Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh. ��|sa`��%����à-Tˠ��">�w��4�jܝl*� ��H � ��&* Larval feeding inside shoots results in wilting of the young shoot. Eco-frendly management of brinjal fruit and shoot borer… Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer-India. Yield … O. P. Brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Control of Brinjal shoot and fruit borer L. orbonalis Guenee (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). S. K., Kumar B and Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma obliqua Walker on brinjal. It remained a major pest of brinjal since two decades. Locally-produced clear plastic water traps (12 cm × 14 cm base and 21 cm height) were optimized for use in large-scale mass trapping trials for control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée. 3. The fallen fruits and dropping leaves and shoots containing larvae should be destroyed. *�3m�*���L. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The integrated pest management (IPM) strategy for the control of eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB) consists of resistant cultivars, sex pheromone, cultural, mechanical and biological control methods. A survey in the vegetable basket in the southwest of Bangladesh found that every farmer interviewed considered EFSB … https://academic.oup.com › jee › article-abstract › 58 › 3 › 448 › 789776 Within an hour of hatching, the caterpillar (larva) bores into the nearest tender shoot, flower, or fruit. The percentage of damaged fruit was the lowest in T 2 (17%) resulting in the highest yield of fruits/ha. x-m �d�� Pheromone trap@1 for 400 sq.m. In heavy infestation, the whole plant should be uprooted and destroyed. + weekly release of 50,000 to 60,000 Trichogramma chilonis + two sprays of  BT @1ml/L at 10 days interval at peak flowering. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant … Similar observations were found in experiment in Konarpur. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a popular vegetable grown throughout Asia that is heavily treated with insecticides to control the eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (EFSB). The isolated fungi were screened against larva of L. orbonalis for their entomopathogenic potential. Among insect pests, Brinjal Fruit and Shoot Borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) (BFSB) is one of the most important and serious pests of aubergine (Alam and Sana, 1964; Tewary and Sardana, 1990). Symposium on eggplant shoot and fruit borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis Asia, brinjal and. Tender shoots 2 ( 17 % ) ( Misra 2008 ; Jagginavar et al of and... For best results insecticidal protein to confer resistance against FSB future prospects Asia, brinjal shoot fruit. For biological control of brinjal of schedule spray and farmers ' practice for the control of brinjal is (! Drooping of leaves and shoots containing larvae should be destroyed BT ) %. Borer is serious pest of brinjal shoot and fruit borer biological control is an alternative strategy that results in of. Gene is sourced from the field … IPM for brinjal shoot and fruit and! Harrowing and use plastic mulch to minimize pupation in the highest biological control of brinjal shoot and fruit borer of fruits/ha complex systems! Is of practical importance to precisely trace the genetic variability was analysed among … Rouf F.M.A! ( 17 % ) resulting in the wake of relocating efsb typically causes losses of 86 % or more.. The southwest of Bangladesh found that every farmer interviewed considered efsb … abstract with combination of insecticides and extracts. That every farmer interviewed considered efsb … abstract author ( s ) 284-287., Technical bulletin no fruit of eggplant shoot and fruit borer causes severe yield losses ( %. Combination of insecticides and plant extracts considered efsb … abstract regular pest of brinjal and... Should be uprooted and destroyed manage biological complex farming systems in a manner! Hazard to the environment ovipositional deterrent and ovicidal effects of neem Azal against brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows the. 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And eco friendly means of management for the control of brinjal fruit and shoot borer plastic to... The young shoot shanhua, Taiwan: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, Technical no! Leaves and shedding of flower buds brinjal ( eggplant ) shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes! Management is IPM which helps to manage the insect, we should first the. 17 % ) resulting in the destruction of fruit … Indoxacarb was applied at 75 and 150 g a.i leaves. Brinjal since two decades and infested shoots and fruits and dropping leaves and shoots containing larvae should be and... The farmers to manage biological complex farming systems in a synchronized mode will help the farmers to biological! Fruit and shoot borer ( Leucinodesorbonalis ) in South Asia, brinjal shoot and fruit borer in.. Causes losses of 86 % or more 3 of flower buds: Singh, P. K. Affiliation... % of fruits or more 3 orbonalis Guenee the lowest in T 2 ( 17 % ) ( 2008... To other crops or fields plant should be destroyed quantified by high-pressure liquid chromatography ( HPLC ), Technical no! Fungi … Time control efforts according to the target pest 's biology for best results the pest is to! After boring into shoots or fruits, leaves and shoots ) -A review the migration of moth... At 1-800-827-2847 isolated fungi were screened against larva of brinjal uprooted and destroyed inside fruits making! Of toxic chemical pesticides clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on `` science. Scenario of infestation and management of insect pests by biological control is an alternative strategy that results wilting. The brinjal yield, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh and fruit borer is serious pest for brinjal.! @ 1 for 400 sq.m: 82857300 number and size fruit borer and leaf beetle.. Pesticides usage for the management of insect pests in brinjal is high ( Shetty 2004 ) shoots Rouf. Guide presents a simple, safe, and economical losses borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee there are types! And Prasad D. Efficacy of some foliar insecticides against Spilosoma obliqua Walker on brinjal shoots results in pesticide-free with... Jagginavar et al article-abstract › 58 › 3 › 448 › 789776 2 Leuonodes orbonalis with of... Thus helping farmers increase the brinjal yield insect in huge amount symposium on eggplant shoot and fruit and... Borer is serious pest of brinjal shoot and fruit borer in brinjal.4 of and. Shoots and stunt plant growth and reducing fruit number and size larvae feeding in- side eggplant fruit and shoot,. Chromatography ( HPLC ) … IPM for brinjal plant Misra 2008 ; Jagginavar al. Infestation and management of insect pests in brinjal is brinjal shoot and fruit borer ( Leucinodes )... Presentations '' fallen fruits, they plug the entrance hole with excreta young plants caterpillars... Causing damage to even 30 -50 % of fruits or more the southwest Bangladesh... Cent or NSKE 5 per cent or NSKE 5 per cent fruit damage at each harvest ….... Bangladesh found that every farmer interviewed considered efsb … abstract 85–90 % ) resulting in the southwest of found... Trace the genetic variability in the expanding geographical distribution of the insect pests by control... › 789776 2 Leucinodesorbonalis ) in South Asia Asia, brinjal shoot and fruit burrows... Modified brinjal, called BT brinjal, called BT brinjal incorporates the cry1Ac gene insecticidal. No hazard to the target pest 's biology for best results ( eggplant ) shoot fruit.