The canal travels several kilometers, parallel to and above the river to utilize the roughly 84-metre (276 ft) high water drop in elevation between Kootenay Lake and South Slocan, bypassing the old dams. After the glaciers retreated, Kootenay Lake receded to its present level and the Kootenay Flats were formed. HISTORY. "Kootenai" is thought to be a word meaning "water people" in an Algonquian language. [70], When they first arrived in British Columbia, the Doukhobors began felling trees in the Kootenay River valley to build their first homesteads. The current Columbia River Treaty is focused primarily on electricity generation and flood storage. Check All Station Name Province Station Number Data Available (Past 6 hours) Operation Schedule; ADAMS LAKE NEAR SQUILAX: BC: 08LD003: Yes: Continuous: ADAMS RIVER NEAR SQUILAX [50] Originally, the river (and the area) were known as "Stud Horse" by the early miners, but government officials changed it to Wild Horse. [69] In 1913, Verigin converted an abandoned factory in Nelson, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) up the Kootenay from Brilliant, to produce jam and marmalade. It was with the creation of this temporary body of water that salmon somehow managed to swim over the submerged Canal Flats and into the Kootenay, where they became trapped. The river turns northwest at Troy, and the Yaak River and Moyie River (both originating in BC) join from the north, the latter near Moyie Springs, Idaho. Hydroelectric power generated by the hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River powered at least ten aluminum smelters during the mid-20th century. Archambault developed the idea, which was approved by the Québec Hydro-Electric Commission in 1962 and … Three of the dams are of the run-of-the-river type, the 4.5 km length of the falls is now impounded in small lakes. u12800134 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! There was already a small settlement on the site, called Waterloo, but Verigin renamed it Brilliant, for the "sparkling waters"[69] of the river. The Columbia River flows roughly 2,000 kilometres from the mountains near Invermere, through three dams in B.C. [57] In 1882, as part of an incentive to help navigation on the Golden-Jennings run and possibly divert water northwards to the Interior of British Columbia in order to provide flood control for a low-lying area south of Kootenay Lake, called Kootenay Flats, European adventurer William Adolf Baillie-Grohman proposed the creation of a canal between the Kootenay River and Columbia Lake. None provide for navigation or fish passage. None provide for navigation or fish passage. Completed: 1928 Operator: West Kootenay Power and Light (FortisBC) Type: Concrete gravity dam run of river . [26], Bedrock composes much of the streambed in the upper and lower reaches of the Kootenay, but in the middle portion, alluvial sediments allow the river to meander over a broader valley floor. He crossed over the Canadian Rockies through Howse Pass and eventually arrived on the banks of the Kootenay, which he thought to be the Columbia. It has three generating units with an operating head of 21 m (70 ft). Most of the gold was mined out by 1864, in June of which one American prospector wrote that some 200 miners were arriving each day. Dam's role is storage, not generation. [64], The last ship ever to pass through the canal and one of the last on the Kootenay was the North Star, also piloted by Captain Armstrong. Already knowing from earlier maps that the region included two rivers called the Columbia and the Kootenay, Thompson thought that what is now called the Columbia was the Kootenay, and he thought that he had not yet found the real Kootenay. It is part of the Columbia River basin, being tributary via Kootenay Lake to the Kootenay River, which is a tributary of the Columbia River. Class I represents bodies of water that are navigable and suitable for recreation. During the summers of 1969 to 1972 Stanley Triggs visited the area in Southeastern British Columbia that was to be flooded by the construction in Montana of the Libby Dam on the Kootenay River. [98], Logging began in the 19th century as a result of white emigration to the Kootenay region, and remains one of the primary industries of the area. [25], The First Peoples of the Kootenay River valley (the residents at the time of European contact) were the Ktunaxa people (often referred to as Kootenai) from whom the river's name derives. 7 smaller hydroelectric dams. lower on the river, uses all the water from the Kootenay Canal to produce hydroelectric power, returning the water to the river at this point. Kootenay River. Supervise children at all times and leash pets. In addition there are five hydroelectric dams on the lower Kootenay River in British Columbia. [140] West Arm Provincial Park is on the impounded stretch of the Kootenay River just west of Kootenay Lake, and to the northeast of Nelson. The Duncan River is a 128-mile long river in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The river drops some 117 metres / 385 ft from Nelson, starting with Bonnington Falls Dam built in 1916 to supply mines and smelters in the region. The construction of the Libby Dam on the Kootenai River in Montana and the Duncan Dam 1967 on the Duncan river, combined to further reduce natural phosphorus levels in the lake from the recorded highs. HISTORY. [62] The first steamboat to actually run the Kootenay was the Annerly in 1893. and Kaniksu National Forest (part of the Idaho Panhandle National Forests, which stretch southwards into the state). The Kootenay continues southeast, receiving the Palliser River from the left, and flows south into a gorge at the confluence with the White River. Most of the reasonably level terrain lies in the narrow Kootenay River valley from Bonners Ferry to Kootenay Lake and in parts of the Rocky Mountain Trench from Canal Flats to Lake Koocanusa. Kootenay River. [22] Of the Kootenay's many tributaries, the 206-kilometre (128 mi)-long Duncan River is the largest. Source elevations and coordinates derived from Google Earth using data from Canadian topo maps, The Canadian portion of the Columbia basin encompasses 102,823 square kilometres (39,700 sq mi) of which 50,298 square kilometres (19,420 sq mi) drain to the Kootenay River, The usage of the term "Canadian portion of the Columbia Basin" in this article denotes any parts of the Columbia River watershed that drain to the Columbia upstream of where it crosses the Canada-US border, regardless if the tributary passes through the United States as well (such as the Kootenay). View the Trail Historical Society's first curated online photo exhibit at trailhistory.com. Keep a close eye on the river and you may catch a glimpse of the West Kootenay Power hydroelectric dams that harnessed the river … [117], The Columbia Basin is noted for its spring floods, major flood years were 1876, 1894, 1948 and 1964. [116], After the falls and the junction with the Slocan River the last 18 kilometres (11 mi) of the river is a gradual slope to the merger with the Columbia. This biologically diverse area, the Kootenay Flats, once supported over 1 million migratory birds every year, before the river was diked and many of the wetlands converted to agriculture. Upper Bonnington dam on the Kootenay River with spillways open. "[43], In September 1859, Palliser traveled into the Kootenay River valley to find a suitable path for a trade route and possibly a railroad. A long-range venture was undertaken which resulted in full development of the Kootenay River power potential between Kootenay Lake and the Columbia River. Facilities: 4 major hydroelectric dams, all built before 1984. We monitor the lake levels throughout the year, which are governed by the 1938 International Joint Commission order on Kootenay Lake. Corra Linn Dam (Kootenay Lake, BC) Falls River Hydro Dam (Falls River, BC) Hugh Keenleyside Dam (Castlegar, BC) John Hart Dam (Campbell River, BC) Ladore Dam (Campbell River, BC) Laurie River Dam (Laurie River, MB) Seven Mile Dam (Pend Oreille River, BC) Seven Sisters Dam (Winnipeg River, MB) [93][95], Populations of large land mammals such as caribou, moose, deer, elk, have been declining dramatically since the reintroduction of wolves. [76] Then in 1924, on a routine rail trip to Grand Forks, Peter Verigin and seven other people were killed by a dynamite explosion that completely destroyed the coach that he was traveling in. © 2007 Touchstones Nelson: Museum of Art and History. 3 plant began in 1926 and was fully operational in the summer of 1929. Upper Bonnington dam on the Kootenay River with spillways open. [12] It is thought that French-Canadian fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company and other companies in the early 19th century were the first refer to them as Kootenai, which means "water people" in an Algonquian language. [42] [69] Verigin Jr. died in 1939 and by 1963, almost all Doukhobor lands were sold to the government. Kootenay River Bridge is 0.8 km upstream of the powerhouse and provides access to canal, powerhouse and switchyard. [151], This article is about the river. 2 water storage dams that don't generate power. In addition there are five hydroelectric dams on the lower Kootenay River in British Columbia. Fisherville eventually was abandoned, its buildings left to ruin, and little remains of the settlement today. [44] He then proceeded up the Pend Oreille River (noted as 'Pendoreilles') and crossed into the Kootenay River valley, which in his records was either the "Kootanie" or "Flat Bow River". Mountain ranges in the region generally trend from northwest to southeast and define drainage patterns with their steep and dramatic vertical relief, with the exception of the Kootenay itself which cuts westwards at its southern bend. We feature 64,300,000 royalty free photos, 342,000 stock footage clips, digital videos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics, medical illustrations, and maps. Jean-Jacques Archambault, Québec engineer known for his work on the 735 kV electric transmission technology. It may also mean "deer robes," referring to their excellent skill for hunting deer. [36] After spending a winter in Montana, he tried to reach the Columbia by traveling down the Pend Oreille River but failed in this attempt, eventually returning to Kootenae House via the Kootenay River northwards the following spring.[37][38]. They crossed over the Rockies at a more northerly spot and traveled down the Blaeberry River to the Columbia, eventually discovering Columbia Lake and establishing there the trading post Kootenae House. Libby Reservoir, formed by impoundment of the Kootenai River in 1972, is a 90-mile-long storage reservoir with a surface area of 188 km2 (46,500 acres) at full pool. In 1973, the Libby Dam was built, forming Lake Koocanusa and which extends back into Canada. In 1973, the Libby Dam was built, forming Lake Koocanusa and which extends back into Canada. As with many Pacific Northwest rivers, many dams were built on the Kootenay in the 20th century to generate hydroelectricity, and protect against floods and droughts. The dam contains three sections; a non-overflow section from the west bank of the river to the headworks, 129 m (425 ft) long and 18 m (60 ft) high; a spillway section 396 m (1300 ft) from the headworks to an island upstream; and a second spillway section 152 m (500 ft) long from the island to the east bank of the river. [130], Popular Banff National Park lies just across the BC-Alberta border, Yoho National Park sits to the north, and Glacier National Park in the northeast. Within a 55-kilometre drive, there are 11 dams on the Columbia, Kootenay and Pend d’Oreille rivers. A quick look at a map shows the problem: while all the Canadian … The Flathead is a tributary of the Clark Fork River-Pend Oreille River system which borders the Kootenay watershed on the southwest. QUICK FACTS South Slocan Dam. Construction on the No. Both are tributaries of the South Saskatchewan River, which is part of the Hudson Bay drainage basin. 2. 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