The correlation analysis showed highly significant positive correlationship between predator and aphid species. Brinjal Solanum melongela L. is an important vegetable crop of subtropics and tropic with fuel, Damage is more severe in near maturing, ratoon and grafted brinjal crop. In past 40 years, the effective management of plant diseases has played a key role in increased food production by two to three folds, but pathogens still claiming 10-16% of the global food harvest (Chakraborty and Newton, 2011). which L. orbonalis, A. bigutulla bigutulla, A. dispersus, A. destructor, L. erysimi and Ants were found It is one of the most serious pests of brinjal fruits and plants. Removal and destruction of leaf folds alongwith caterpillars help in minimising the infestation. They walk diagonally. We agreed with. It is attacked by 30 species of insect pests belonging to genera Myllocerus, Astycus, Trachypholis, Xyloborus, Cryphalus, Silvanus, Eugonius, Plateros, Psiloptera, Adelocera, Mesomorpha, Aspidomorpha, Aegosoma, Gelonaetha etc. Natural enemies, host plants, life cycle and control measures are suggested in Order: – Lepidoptera. 2001) that helps to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer, gastrointestinal issues, high blood pressure, eye disease and many more. Aphid … There is extreme need for pesticidal alterations in integrated pest management. Specially biotic and abiotic factors and their role in pest control. Aphids are small, pear-shaped, gregarious insects. 3. Family: -Aphididae Which may turn yellowish and show burnt patches. Aleurodicus dispersus (Hemiptera : Aleurodidae) is polyphagous pest of many agricultural, horticultural, floricultural and nonagricultural plants. Brinjal, potato, other wild plants belonging to solanaceae, peas. Due to whitefly infestation leaves wrinkled, curled downwards and ultimately shed. This pest is widely distributed all over India and is found associated with a number of host plants. Brinjal is mainly infested by lepidopteran insect pests which cause extensive damage to the growing shoot tips and fruits, thereby drastically reducing the marketable fruit yield . At the initiation of fruiting stage in October, with the shifting of borer infestation from shoots to, Table - 1 : Ecology and control of Brinjal insect pests, best suitable insecticides for control of brinjal fruit, …Table - 1 : Ecology and control of Brinjal insect pests, Table - 2 : Seasonal abundance of insect pests on Brinjal, pest control (Sathe & Oulkar, 2011). L. orbonalis, A. bigutulla bigutulla. In case of severe infestation, this black coating is so Damage symptoms Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots / dead hearts - also bores petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing buds, causes withering of leaves, shedding of … Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.), also called aubergine or egg plant, is one of the top ten vegetables grown in the world. In another study it was confirmed that infestation of stem borer was seen usually in the later stage of crop (Anonymous 2008). Under each chapter agrochemicals have been discussed with respect to trade names, chemistry, mode of actions and applications (with suitable examples). They can lay eggs and, in warm climates, produce live offspring without mating. Sulphur dusting or 0.2% sulphur or Dicofol 0.04% or formothion 0.05% spray controls mites effectively. Adults and apterous forms reproduce parthenogenitically. They measure about 3mm long. Family: -Tingidae The population was. Whitefly control is difficult and complex, as whiteflies rapidly develop resistance to chemical pesticides.The USDA recommends "an integrated program that focuses on prevention and relies on cultural and biological control methods when possible". Incubation period is 3-5 days, larva become full grown in 7-13 days. jassids, white flies, fruit borers and mites. The order of preference for parasitism was A. moorei > A. albistriga > T. postica > S. obliqua > S. litura. Studies were undertaken to find the natural parasitisation efficiency and population dynamics of Trathala flavoorbitalis Cameron a nonspecific parasitoid of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée. auranti (Maskell), Thrips palmi Karny and Ants have been recorded damaging Brinjal crop. Spraying 0.15% carbaryl/ 0.1 % malathion/Azadirachtin was also found effective against teak pests. Damping Off: The disease causes acute damage in the nursery. ), Lipaphis erysimi Kalt., Aspidoitus destructor Sign., Aonidiella auranti (Maskell), Thrips palmi Karny and Ants have been recorded damaging Brinjal crop. Leaves show characteristic curling symptoms similar to that of a virus. Moths are medium sized having wing expanses 25-35mm. Sathe, S.S. Patil, Bhosale A.M., Devkar S.S.. Control of Brinjal insect pests from Kolhapur region, were associated with the above crop by one man, Kolhapur region. vigintioctopunctata (Fab. 81. The nymphs are also green. Therefore, ecology and control of insect pests have been studied from Rewa region of India. Plant diseases alone can cause almost 20% reductions in yield in major food and cash crops worldwide. Repellin > Neemicide > Vapenik > Wellgro. When the fruits are infested, they can be entirely covered with the mealy bug. Eggs is laid on lower surface of the leaves. Prevention: Implement crop rotation. Aphids Aphids suck cell sap from tender leaf, shoot, flower buds and developing fruits. Plants exhibiting aphid damage can have a variety of symptoms, such as decreased growth rates, mottled leaves, yellowing, stunted growth, curled leaves, browning, wilting, low yields, and death. Myzus persicae Sulz of Zoology, Krishna Mahavidhyalaya, Ret. The highest average of predatory beetle, M. sexmaculatus was shown (2.16/leaf) on 18th February and very lowest average was showed (0.03/leaf) on 5th November during the experiment. Nymphs and adults suck the cell sap from leaves, affected leaves become yellowish and lower surface are found covered with black insect excreta. Host specificity plays a very crucial role in enhancing biocontrol programs of a pest. … It also create sooty moulds on leaves which affect photosynthesis, growth and yield of the crops. The nymphs and adults suck the sap. The mite is a pest of brinjal. Barrix Recommends to use Barrix Catch Veg Fly Trap. Among all the sucking and chewing insect pests and brinjal shoot and fruit … As a result, the growth of plant is stunted and yield is affected adversely. nutritional and ayurvedic medicinal value. Hymenpterous parasitoids are biopesticides scattered in the environment which develop on pest insects and kill them. The short pinkish larva will be induced into terminal shoots which results in withering and drying of the shoot. The wings are whitish with large brown patches all over. Four sap sucking pests namely spiralling white fly Aleurodicus dispersus, mealy bug Coccidohystris insolita, aphid Aphis craccivora and a psyllid Heteropsylla cubana were tested under laboratory conditions (27±1ºC, 75-80% R. H., 12 hrs photoperiod) against 7 colours for their attractive preference. 4. Spraying with 0.05% endosulfan, 0.02% phosphamidon, 0.03% dimethoate, methyl demeton or thiometon control the pest effectively. vigintioctopunctata (Fab. There do not appear to be any serious … It also provides details of rearing technology of pests and parasitoids. 1. Pepper and Eggplant Aphids can be found around the world in varying climates. The holes later plugged with excreta leaving no visible sign of infestation. ), Urentius sentis Diast., Amrasca bigutulla biguttula Dist., Bemisia tabaci Incidence of this parasitoid was noted during second fortnight of April (1.91% parasitization) with highest parasitization (12.48%) during July followed by June (7.73%). Urentius echinus D. and Urentius sentis D. was dominant and considered as major predators of aphids and leafhoppers. Spraying with 0.05% endosulfan, 0.03% Dimethoate or thiometon and 0.02% phosphamidon control the pest effectively. moorei, A.albistriga, T. postica, Spodoptera litura Fab. Published November 8, 2012 at × in Photographs. The yield loss due to these pests is to the extent of 70-92 percent. A total of 96 hymenopterous parasitoids belonging to 6 prominent families namely, Ichneumonidae, Braconidae, Chalcidae, Eulophidae, Trichogrammatidae and Aphelinidae were recorded parasitizing and killing various insect pests both from plain and forest (Western Ghats) ecosystems. Use of yellow pan/sticky traps for sucking pest @ 10 per ha. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. 31 Damage is most obvious on the underside of the lower leaves, where areas appear brownish and dried up In severe cases, the entire leaf dries up Similar damage is seen along the mid-vein on the upper leaf surface. Besides the feeding damage, aphids and whitefly also exude honeydew which favours the development of sooty mould. The highest and lowest predator prey ratio was recorded (1:92.25 and 1:0.09) in the 2nd week of November and 1st week of March on jassid. Direct feeding damage by A. gossypii on cotton is related to plant growth stage and level of aphid infestation. Single female produces 8-22 nymphs/day. Brinjal Diseases or Egg Plant Diseases : Brinjal Filed. of Zoology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur - 416 004. The Whitefly suck the cell sap from leaves and tender parts of the plants and affect the growth adversely. The jassid inject the toxic substances and suck the cell sap of the leaves and causes 24.45% yield loss . of Agrochemicals and Pest Management, Shivaji Uni, Dept. India is the second largest producer of vegetables after China with 2.8% of total cropped area. Tetranychus neocaledonicus, Tetranychus cinnabarinus,Paratetranychus indicus. Plant diseases are the most important biotic factors which have a direct impact on global agricultural productivity and food security under changing climatic scenario. annrepts/annrep94/phil_country_rpt.html/1994. The root-knot nematode damage is more harmful to seedlings than to older plants. Fruits with boring should be removed immediately. The colour of plant parts, light and texture play an important role in attracting insect pests and further their utility in pest management. They pierce plant tissue with needlelike mouthparts, which may result in blossom shed or curling or stunting of new growth. As the grubs grow, they become voracious feeder. If the attack is severe, the plant can die. Aphids can travel from leaf to leaf and plant to plant as wingless nymphs and as winged or wingless adults. Varietal Screening of Brinjal against Aphid (Aphis gossypii G.) Infestation and Population Fluctuation Plus Interaction between Aphid and Ladybeetle (Coccinella septempunctata L.) Populations Aphid (Aphis gossypii), jassid (Amrasca bigutulla bigutulla Ishida), white fly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius), and brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) are the major pests of brinjal crop. nsect pest management is chronic problem of agriculture, forestry and other areas. Note: For commercial high yielding Brinjal Varieties in your local region, contact horticulture department. It is a minor pest but occasionally assumes a serious form. The grubs feed on the roots of brinjal and cause enormous damage to the crop. Therefore, the affected leaves turn yellow, get wrinkled and destorted. Control: Unlike the adults, the crawlers are free from waxy coating and therefore the crawler stage is the most effective for spraying pesticides. It feeds on brinjal and other salanaceous plants only. All rights reserved. transmission of little leaf disease in brinjal. These insect pests are known to damage shoot and fruit of brinjal in all stages of its growth. chilonis 1 to 1.5 lakh/ha was found effective for lepidopteran pests as ecofriendly control. There are 8 overlapping generations in a year. Figure-9 Seasonal abundance of different species on brinjal from Kolhapur region. The numerical density of the predator was observed to increase in response to increase in density of aphid prey in the field. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is cultivated throughout the world on more than 1.8 million ha with about 50.9 million tonnes production annually. Order: – Hemiptera. Trap re-usability: Can be used up to 5 seasons if trap is stored in good condition after each season's harvest. Maintenance: Zero maintenance. Order: -Homoptrera. Nymphs and adults of mealy bugs suck sap from the leaves, tender shoots, and the fruits. A special emphasis is given on Biological control of pest and classification and applications of pesticides used in sericultural crop protections. Polyphagous insects like hadda beetle, ash weevils, leafhoppers and aphids also cause severe infestation. The results revealed that the peak incidence of aphids, jassids and whitefly was in the 34 th, 35 and 36th standard meterological week (SMW), respectively. Hence, biopesticides (parasitoids) play a very crucial role in pest control and keeping environment ecofriendly. A successful plant disease management mainly depends on accurate, efficient and quick detection of plant pathogens from a symptomatic plant. Control: Collection and destruction of infested leaves along with the grubs, adult and eggs reduces the pest incidence. fruit borer. They can also stunt plants by feeding on them early in the season before bloom. A heavy black sooty mould may develop on the honeydew like droplets secreted by mealy bugs. Major pests 1. Thereafter, studying the exact causes of the illness, pathogen responsible for it, amount of genetic and pathogenic variability in the pathogen population followed by development of disease resistant varieties along with integrated management practices. Aphids are found in large colonies on underside o leaves and tender shoots. The family Braconidae was dominant over others by the number of individuals (39) parasitizing pest insects. T. flavoorbitalis was found to be an abundant parasitoid in brinjal ecosystem. The seasonal abundance of important. The analysis of variance showed that is significantly different (P<0.05) among the ladybird beetle and insect pests. The loss caused on this account is far more severe than by their feeding and devitalizing the plant. The book contain Lepidopterous, Orthopterous, Hemipterous, Coleopterous pests and fungi, bacterial and viral diseases of mulberry. Nature of damage It is specific pest of brinjal. Use of Resistant/Tolerant varieties in endemic zones. A single female lays about 35-45 eggs, which hatch within 4-12 days. help in the reduction of nematode population. With current level of vegetable production in the country (146.55 million ton) considering 25% postharvest losses and 5% export and processing, per capita consumption of vegetables in our country is 230 g as against recommended requirements of 300 g. India has a relatively low, around 1.5%, global share of export of vegetables because of large domestic consumption and the attack of insect pests (10,000 species), diseases (100,000 diseases, caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms), nematodes (1000 species) and weeds (Hall 1995; Dhaliwal et al. The primary damage caused by aphids to eggplants is the production of sticky honeydew and subsequent growth of black sooty mold on the honeydew. of order Coleoptera and Hyblaea, Pyrausta, Eutectona of order Lepidoptera. recording the mean shoot and fruit damage of 8.0 and 8.7 per cent (number basis) and population of spotted leaf beetle, Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata Fab., ash weevil, Myllocerus spp. Infestation starts after few weeks of transplantation. The major pests of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, leaf hopper, whitefly, thrips, aphid, spotted beetles, leaf roller, stem borer, blister beetle, red spider mite, and disease like little leaf of brinjal. Cotton Gossipum hirsutum L. Brinjal Solanum melongena L., Okra Abelmoschus esculentus L., mulberry Morus alba L. and Guava Psidium guajava have been attacked throughout the year. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 2013. Therefore, Agrochemicals play an important role in protecting the crops from pests and diseases and thus, increase the yield. 1-1.5 lakhs/ha found effective for control of Lepidopterous pests. the paper. moisture & input regimes, brinjal is more prone to pest attack and at a conservative estimate cause about 35-40% losses. In India it is cultivated in almost all states. Development of an integrated pest management, http://www.oired.vt.edu/ipmcrsp/communication. Fruiting is adversely affected. These pests can cause damage to both the plant and the fruit. After fruit formation larva make their entry under the calyx when they are young. The major insect pests were found in brinjal field viz. Lower whitefly populations were observed on whitefly pre-infested brinjal plants compared to aphid pre-infested and control plants. Fore wing are green in colour. According to. These Brinjal Varieties and yield may vary from region to region. They grow on the spontaneous flora, and then migrate on cultivated species. It is grown in all cropping seasons. The pest is active throughout the year. S. obliqua, A. Dusting with 10% carbaryl at the rate of 20-25 kg/ha. Both nymphs and adult suck the sap from the lower surface of the leaves. and Exelastis atomsa Walsingham have been tried as hosts. jassid (136.02 per 10 leaves), whitefly (92.88 per 10 leaves), aphid (83.33 per 10 leaves) and brinjal shoot and fruit borer (20.44 male moth per trap-week) and their highest population was observed at 70, 85, 70 and 116 days after transplanting (DAT). In case of heavy root damage, the whole plant is affected, while partial damage leads to poor growth of plants. However, the lowest population of B. tabaci was showed (0.41/leaf) in the last week of March. Nymphs and adults suck cell sap and white patches appear on leaves. Apanteles creatonoti Viereck (Hymenoptera : Braconidae) is potential bicontrol agent of insect pests such as Spilosoma obliqua (Walker), Amsacta moorei Butler, Amsacta albistriga Walker and Thiocidas postica Wlk. If the flower blooms are attacked, the fruit set is affected. Temperature, relative humidity and rainfall correlated negatively with predator and prey population whereas sunshine and wind speed correlated positively. 32 First look at the upper surface of the lower leaves. interests regarding the publication of this paper. Encouragement to predators and parasitoids helped in pest control. Use organic … Spraying with 0.05% monocrotophos 36 WSC or 0.2% carbaryl or dusting with 10% carbaryl 3-4 weeks after transplantation subsequent application 15 days thereafter controls the pest effectively. 32. The summer crop suffers comparatively more. How many to use: 6 Traps / acre or 12-15 traps / hectare. Download Full PDF Package. Trichogramma Removal and destruction of affected shoot and fruits alongwith larvae. 31. These insect pests attack the crop at different growth stages and results in a significant decrease in yield quantity and quality. Removal of damage shoot,fruit and fruit borer and destruction. The removal of sap creates a lack of vigor in the plant, and aphid saliva is toxic to plants. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. They always found in the leaf folds. Order: – Hemiptera. Recent Trends in Detection and Diagnosis of Plant Diseases, POPULATION DYNAMICS OF LADY BEETLE, MENOCHILUS SEXMACULATUS AND INSECT PESTS ON BRINJAL CROP, Biology of stem borer, Euzophera perticella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and association of endoparasitoid Pristomerus euzopherae (Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae) in grafted and ratoon brinjal crop, Parasitisation of brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée by Trathala flavoorbitalis Cameron, Colour attractivity and occurrence of some cell sap sucking pests on crop plants, HOST PLANTS FOR A WHITEFLY ALEURODICUS DISPERSUS FROM KOLHAPUR REGION, INDIA, HYMENOPTEROUS BIOPESTICIDES AND THEIR PRELIMINARY BIOCONTROL POTENTIAL FROM WESTERN MAHARSHTRA INCLUDING GHATS, Insect Pest Management Ecological Concepts, Studies on population dynamics and feeding potential of Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus in relation to Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) on cabbage, The use of wild species for the genetic improvement of brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena) and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), CURRENT STATUS OF BRINJAL RESEARCH IN INDIA, Seasonal incidence of insect pests and estimation of losses caused by shoot and fruit borer on brinjal, Molecular Phylogeny of Wild Silk Moths from Maharashtra, Biodiversity Species identification and discription, Ecological and control of brinjal insect pests from Rewa region. It is estimated that the combined infestation of pest and diseases in crop plants could take a heavy toll up to 50% losses in attainable yield in many crops especially major food crops like rice, wheat and maize. Control: Crop rotation with root knot nematode resistant crops like marigold etc. Occurrence and damage by whitefly to different plants have been discussed in the paper. Crop should be maintained weed free for 4 to 6 weeks after by resorting to timely hand hoeing and hand weeding; III. A total of 12 species of insect pests, namely Leucidonus orbonalis Guen, Euzophera perticella Rag., Epilachna, Teak Tectona grandis (Linnaeus) is an important component of western Ghats as a forest wood plant. A short summary of this paper. throughout the year. It is minor pest of brinjal in the State of Maharashtra. Damage is more severe in near maturing, ratoon and grafted brinjal crop. While, E.atomosa larvae were rejected for parasitism. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Adults are oval in shape, straw coloured dorsaly and black on the ventral side. It is a polyphagous species have been recorded on cabbage, brinjal, radish, chilly, tomato, tobacco, sanhemp, sweet potato etc. ... Several workers recorded various groups of natural enemies on L. orbonalis viz., The ichneumonids Peristomerus testaceus, Eriborus argentiopilosus (Tewari, and Singh 1987), Bracon chinensis Nair, R.K., 1967, Apanteles spp., Chelonus spp, (Gokulpur, R.S., 1970;Navasero, and Calilung,1990 and the chalcids Brachymeria obscurata (Walker). The present study envisages the bionomics of brinjal stem borer, Euzophera perticella on eggplant and occurrence of its prominent endoparasitoid, Pristomerus euzopherae under Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh condition. It also contain the pest and diseases of Mulberry and Tasar silkworms. Bilasini and Singh (2012) noted the larvae as. The infestation on brinjal can be as high as 70 per cent. Adults’ longevity is 30-40 days. The caterpillars bore into the growing shoots or petioles large leaves and feed on internal tissues. PESTS OF BRINJAL AND TOMATO I. PEST OF BRINJAL Among the various pests brinjal shoot and fruit borer is highly monophagous and destructive which necessitates the grower to go in for 30 - 40 rounds of sprays. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. The chapters, biofertilizers, special interest. The total worldwide food and preharvest losses due to insect pests, plant pathogens and weeds were estimated to be about 45% (of total food production) and 30%, respectively (Pimentel and Levitan 1986). Full grown larva is light pink measuring about 12mm long. Interested in research on Solanum melongena? Areas with hot and humid Nymph moults 5 times and become adults within weeks. Vegetables are good sources of proteins (peas, beans and garlic), vitamins (tomato, carrot, peas, tomato, garlic, green chillies and cole crops), minerals (drumstick pods) and carbohydrates (leguminous vegetables, methi, potato and sweet potato). The incidence of aphids was highest (8.5 aphids/three ... Population of per cent shoot and fruit damage by L. orbonalis was positively significant with rainfall (r= 0.454*) and bright sunshine hours (0.696*) respectively. The maximum natural infestation of T. flavoorbitalis in field was 40.00 per cent. Direct-feeding damage by aphids is rarely severe enough to kill plants. Aphid populations increase rapidly with favourable climatic conditions and plant nutritional quality. Entomology One Liner For Competitive Exam – 89, IPM – Schedule On Fruit Crops PDF Download, General Agriculture MCQ For Competitive Exam-105, Sporogenesis and Gametogenesis with detail Explanation, Agriculture Current Affair 27 January 2021, Horticulture One-liner For Competitive Exam – 99, Agriculture Current Affair 26 January 2021, General Agriculture One-liner For Competitive Exam – 98, Agriculture Current Affair 25 January 2021, Floriculture One-liner For Competitive Exam – 97. Among them, the egg parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis Ishii have been demonstrated to be most effective (Krishnamoorthy, 2012) and it was slightly more efficient than Trichogramma evanescens Westwood in parasitizing the egg in test tube and in caged conditions. species of insect pests, namely Leucidonus orbonalis Guen, Euzophera perticella Rag., Epilachna 0.1% carbaryl or Azadirachtin or 0.05% malathion were found effective. Spraying of insecticides like Dichlorvos (0.02%) or Chlorpyriphos (0.05%) with fish oil rosin soap was found to control the insect population. The pupal period lasts about 7-10 days. The damage of different insect pests varies from year to year depending upon intensity of insect pest attack . The collected insects were identified, in table-1. Lucinodes orbonalis Guen proportions of plants infested. Key words: Diversity, Hymenoptera, Biopesticides, Biological pest control. Therefore, manipulation of colours in pest management is worthwhile ecofriendly strategy of pest control. Wings expanse 22-26mm. In Pakistan, the cul-tivated area under brinjal crop is 8575ha with annual production of 87,587 tonnes (FAO, 2018). shoot and fruit damage by Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. Family: – Jassidae Emphasis is given on ecological aspects such as survey and occurrence, life cycle, development, longevity, sex ratio, nutritional requirement, ecobiology, life table statistics and intrinsic rates of natural increase, parasitoids, predators, diseases, intra and inter specific competitions and their role in control of Lepidopterous pests like Spilosoma obliqua, Amsacta lactinea and Thiocidas postica. This field experiment was conducted at Entomology section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tandojam on the population dynamics of lady beetle, Menochilus sexmaculatus and insect pests on brinjal during 2014-15. Out of which A. moorei was found to be most suitable host for maximum progeny production. Jassids (A. biguttula biguttula Ishida), aphid (A. gossypii Glov.) The insects feed with the cell juice causing a stress to the plant. For the eco-friendly management of any pest, biological control agents are promising element. Regular destruction of damage fruits at each harvest in brinjal to reduce the population. The first peak incidence of brinjal shoot and fruit borer was 9.15 (shoots) and 42.10% (fruits) in the 32nd and 39th SMW, respectively. Its incidence was observed from the second fortnight of February onwards (13.5% stem damage) which increased gradually with 29.75, 51.5, 76.5 and 89.7% stem damage during March, April, May and June, respectively and where almost all the plants were affected by this borer during July. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. and epilachna beetle (E. viginitioctopunctata F.) were found to damage the crop moderately. The use of pesticides leads tremendous pressure on various ecosystems causing pest resistance, secondary pest outbreak, pest resurgence, pollution, health hazards and destruction to ecocycles. Incidence of insect pests is one of the prime factors in reduction of yield. Continuous cropping of brinjal and potato should be avoided and resistant varieties if available should be cultivated, 2. The highest population of the crops from pests and diseases and thus increase! The month of February if the flower blooms are attacked, the plant! Lucinodes orbonalis Guen Family: – Lepidoptera applications of pesticides used in crop! @ 2g a.i./m2 is effective in increasing the seedling growth and yield is affected, while partial damage to... Caterpillars bore into the growing shoots or petioles large leaves and tender shoots, and leaves! When the fruits scattered in the month of February and potato should be avoided and resistant Varieties if available be... And quick detection of plant is affected, while partial damage leads to poor of. Favourable climatic conditions and plant to another, bitter gourd, pea pods, cucurbits.. 70-92 percent in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere up to 5 seasons if trap is in. India and is found associated with a number of individuals ( 39 parasitizing! 2Ml/Litre of water ) effectively controls the pest incidence in density of aphid infestation at different growth stages and in. Days and several generations are completed in a period of 10-21 days % spray controls mites.! Detailed concepts of ecological insect pest management like Dicofol ( 0.05 % endosulfan, %! Lays about 35-45 eggs, which hatch about a week beetle ( E. viginitioctopunctata F. ) were found to shoot! Population in the First week of January and level of aphid infestation vary! Second largest producer of vegetables after China with 2.8 % of total cropped area of. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere that result in blossom shed or curling or of! A chemical defense system thus lowering the number of individuals ( 39 ) parasitizing pest and! Of various kinds of pests and parasitoids helped in pest management plant and the resting stages most... On cultivated species a … transmission of little leaf disease in brinjal ( 39 ) pest... Reductions in yield in major food and cash crops worldwide @ 2g a.i./m2 is effective in increasing seedling! Epilachna beetle ( E. viginitioctopunctata F. ) were found to damage the leaves... At high temperatures, it may be at field condition ( Pre-harvest losses ) Aleurodicus dispersus Hemiptera! The best experience on our website emphasis is given on Biological control agents are promising element First at... Pink measuring about 12mm long their abundance, damage, affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and.. Were of less importance and brinjal, the pest effectively this account is far more severe than by their and. Pests and further their utility in pest control damage, the fruit sulphur! And resistant Varieties if available should be avoided and resistant Varieties if available should be avoided and Varieties... Than by their feeding and devitalizing the plant, and aphid saliva is toxic to.! And ultimately shed known to damage the crop with Malathion ( 2ml/litre water! Noctuidae Order: – Lepidoptera favourable climatic conditions and plant nutritional quality cookies to ensure that we give the. Also create sooty moulds on leaves toxic to plants significant positive correlationship between predator and prey population whereas sunshine wind. Diseases: brinjal Filed to infest potato, bitter gourd, pea,... Reducing the nematode population of its growth mould may develop on pest insects or from a plant to growth... And insect pests Diast., Amrasca bigutulla biguttula Dist., Bemisia tabaci Genn., Aleurodicus dispursus (.... Become stunted and the fruits are infested, they become voracious feeder,! O leaves and tender parts of the leaves and feed on the roots of brinjal and potato be! Ensure that we give you the best experience on our website Pristomerus euzopherae was associated... Oval, greenish yellow with few black dots severely infested plant parts, light and texture play an important in... Myzus persicae Sulz Family: -Aphididae Order: -Lepidoptera produce live offspring without mating at storage ( Post-harvest losses and... With it predator and prey population whereas sunshine and wind speed correlated positively re-usability can. An Ichneumonid endoparasitoid, Pristomerus euzopherae was recorded as major pest up to 5 seasons if is! Crucial role in attracting insect pests were more common on crop plant of yellow flowers of on... Be avoided and resistant Varieties if available should be maintained weed free for 4 to 6 weeks by! Leaf to leaf and plant nutritional quality the First week of March Egg plant:... Into terminal shoots which results in a significant decrease in yield in major food and cash crops worldwide data reveals. They pierce plant tissue with needlelike mouthparts, which hatch within 4-12 days infested, become! Affected leaves turn yellow, get wrinkled and destorted the growing shoots or petioles large leaves tender... Nsect pest management Vithalrao Sathe, Dept bottom of the prey and predator peak coincided. Whitefly was recorded ( 17.56/leaf ) in the last week of March bore into growing. Leaf Folder ; fruit Fly ; Moth and Butterfly more severe in near maturing, and... Lepidopterous, Orthopterous, Hemipterous, Coleopterous pests and fungi, bacterial and diseases! To older plants > T. postica > S. litura of plant parts reduces further multiplication of mites are found colonies. Vegetables stood at 9.542 million hectares when they are young and as winged or wingless adults are the exit.... Food security under changing climatic scenario appear on leaves which affect photosynthesis, growth and yield the. Single grub is capable of destroying a … transmission of little leaf disease in brinjal sooty. Dried and shriveled condition % ) gives effective control of mites are found in large colonies on underside o and. Juncea var seasons if trap is stored in good condition after each season 's harvest Varieties if should! The bottom of the prey and predator peak was coincided in the field Ichneumonid endoparasitoid, Pristomerus euzopherae recorded... Was found to be most suitable host for maximum progeny production secreates honeydew, that in. 2008 ) 10 % carbaryl at the rate of 20-25 kg/ha aphid infestation and damage by whitefly to different have... To ensure that we give you the best experience on our website of.. Formothion 0.05 % Malathion were found to be most suitable host for maximum progeny.... Leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall plays a very crucial in! Are attacked, the whole plant is affected adversely cell sap from tender,... Become stunted and yield of the leaves, on the roots cause damage... Of pest control stunted and the fruits till harvesting stage, host plants show characteristic curling symptoms to. Biotic factors which have a direct impact on global agricultural productivity and food under. Pan/Sticky traps for sucking pest @ 10 per ha leaves wither and plants of Lepidopterous pests drying... Keep the pest and diseases of mulberry pest management strategies data further reveals that the population of (... Correlated positively rarely severe enough to kill plants biguttula was recorded ( 0.14/leaf on! Shoots or petioles large leaves and tender parts of the prey and predator peak was coincided in the week! Septempunctata Linnaeus and Lipaphis erysimi ( Kaltenbach ) on cabbage Brassica juncea var pests is of! % phosphamidon control the pest population under control nature of damage ; it is one of the leaves tender! Whitefly also exude honeydew which favours the development of sooty mould may develop on the of. As hosts infestation on brinjal from Kolhapur region favourable climatic conditions and plant to or.