117–118; Fowler 2013. Saved by eva oceguera. He was born out Gaea, the Mother Earth, and Uranus, the Ruler of the heaven, when Uranus watered Gaea with divine rain. Oceanus was an ancient Greek god. [43] In Hesiod, Oceanus sends his daughter Styx, with her children Zelus (Envy), Nike (Victory), Cratos (Power), and Bia (Force), to fight on Zeus' side against the Titans,[44] And in the Iliad, Hera says that during the war she was sent to Oceanus and Tethys for safekeeping. [20], According to Epimenides' Theogony, Oceanus was the father, by Gaia, of the Harpies. Gantz, pp. Oceanus was the eldest of the Titan offspring of Uranus (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). In ancient Greek art, Oceanus was depicted having bull horns and the tail of a serpentine fish instead of legs. Strictly speaking, Oceanus was the ocean-stream at the Equator in which floated the habitable hemisphere (oikoumene οἰκουμένη). [64] And for both Hesiod and Homer, Oceanus seems to have marked a boundary beyond which the cosmos became more fantastical. Oceanus' consort is his sister Tethys, and from their union came the ocean nymphs, also referred to as the three-thousand Oceanids, and all the rivers of the world, fountains, and lakes. Dec 1, 2016 - Oceanus Greek myth a titan that personified the oceans .. Mythology. [85], Some scholars[who?] Nearby Oceanus are fragments of a figure thought to be Tethys: a part of a chiton below Oceanus' left arm and a hand clutching a large tree branch visible behind Oceanus' head. Oceanus was the eldest of all Titans. Oceanus, in Greek mythology, the river that flowed around the Earth (conceived as flat), for example, in the shield of Achilles described in Homer’s Iliad, Book XVIII. [74] However elsewhere the distinction between fresh and salt water seems not to apply. In Greek mythology, the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, or, according to another account, of UrInus and Gaia. 15. In order to reach the Underworldit is necessary to cross this river: 146–147. [34], Plato, in his Timaeus, provides a genealogy (probably Orphic) which perhaps reflected an attempt to reconcile this apparent divergence between Homer and Hesiod, in which Uranus and Gaia are the parents of Oceanus and Tethys, and Oceanus and Tethys are the parents of Cronus and Rhea and the other Titans, as well as Phorcys. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. 7, xxi. [78] Oceanus appears near the end of a long procession of gods and goddesses arriving at the palace of Peleus for the wedding. He is the Titan of the sea and all water boundaries. [36] Plato's apparent inclusion of Phorcys as a Titan (being the brother of Cronus and Rhea), and the mythographer Apollodorus's inclusion of Dione, the mother of Aphrodite by Zeus, as a thirteenth Titan,[37] suggests an Orphic tradition in which the Titan offspring of Oceanus and Tethys consisted of Hesiod's twelve Titans, with Phorcys and Dione taking the place of Oceanus and Tethys. [53] Twice Hesiod calls Oceanus "the perfect river" (τελήεντος ποταμοῖο),[54] and Homer refers to the "stream of the river Oceanus" (ποταμοῖο λίπεν ῥόον Ὠκεανοῖο). It was the source of all of the earth's fresh-water--from the rivers and springs which drew their waters from it through subterranean aquifers to the clouds which dipped below the horizon to collect their moisture from its stream. Fowler 2013, p. 11; West 1997, pp. The parents of Oceanus were Uranus and Gaea. Cartographers continued to represent the encircling equatorial stream much as it had appeared on Achilles' shield.[84]. 12, 28; West 1983, p. 130; Orphic fr. [90], Hecataeus of Abdera also refers to a holy island, sacred to the Pelasgian (and later, Greek) Apollo, situated in the westernmost part of the Okeanós Potamós, and called in different times Leuke or Leukos, Alba, Fidonisi or Isle of Snakes. His only appearance of note in the Greek Myths is when he stirs up the ocean to test the hero Herculeson his wa… [38], According to Epimenides, the first two beings, Night and Aer, produced Tartarus, who in turn produced two Titans (possibly Oceanus and Tethys) from whom came the world egg. [75] In any case, Oceanus can also to be identified with the sea.[76]. Family of Oceanus . By Zeus she was mother of Aphrodite, who was herself called Dione. "[32] However, as Timothy Gantz points out, "mother" could simply refer to the fact that Tethys was Hera's foster mother for a time, as Hera tells us in the lines immediately following, while the reference to Oceanus as the genesis of the gods "might be simply a formulaic epithet indicating the numberless rivers and springs descended from Okeanos" (compare with Iliad 21.195–197). [80] As in Sophilos' dinos, Oceanus appears at the end of the long procession, following after the last chariot, with Hephaestus on his mule bringing up the rear. [71], Just as Oceanus the god was the father of the river gods, Oceanus the river was said to be the source of all other rivers, and in fact all sources of water, both salt and fresh. The Titan god Oceanus Oceanus came from the generation preceding that of Zeus, for Oceanus was a Titan god, the son of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). Tethys was one of the Titans, daughter of Uranus and Gaea.She was married to her brother, Oceanus, and gave birth to the river gods, who lived in the rivers that were then known to the Greeks, such as the Nile and Alpheus; and to three thousand water goddesses, called Oceanids.Despite being the mother of so many deities in the Greek mythology, Tethys was not actively worshipped. xiv. Okeanos (Ancient Greek: Ὠκεανός) was a son of Gaea and Ouranos. believe that Oceanus originally represented all bodies of salt water, including the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the two largest bodies known to the ancient Greeks. Etymology. Here are the details of his story: Divine Representation of the Sea. Unfortunately, Oceanus did not grow up inside a big, happy family. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. [66] While Homer located such exotic tribes as the Cimmerians, the Aethiopians, and the Pygmies as living nearby Oceanus. [33] But, in a later Iliad passage, Hypnos also describes Oceanus as "genesis for all", which, according to Gantz, is hard to understand as meaning other than that, for Homer, Oceanus was the father of the Titans. [46] Oceanus arrives riding a winged steed,[47] saying that he is sympathetic to Prometheus' plight and wishes to help him if he can. Oceanus The TItan God Of The Ocean - (Greek Mythology Explained) - YouTube. He is one of the 12 Titans of the First Generation and is known to be the ancient Poseidon! Accion ("ocean"), in the fourth century AD Gaulish Latin of Avienus' Ora maritima, was applied to great lakes. He was one of the eldest Titans along with Tethys, Kronos, Rhea, Theia, Hyperion, Themis, Krios, Mnemosyne, Koios, Phoibe, and Iapetos. Oceanus is an Atlantean Classical Age minor god in Age of Mythology. [31] According to M. L. West, these lines suggests a myth in which Oceanus and Tethys are the "first parents of the whole race of gods. [55] Both Hesiod and Homer call Oceanus "backflowing" (ἀψορρόου), since, as the great stream encircles the earth, it flows back into itself. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. [94] A Semitic derivation has been suggested by several scholars,[95] while R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a loanword from the Aegean Pre-Greek non-Indo-European substrate. The ancient Greeks recounted many legends about the earliest rulers of the Earth, a number of gigantic proto-gods called “Titans”. According to one version, he was born by the union of the primal gods Chaos and Gaea, sanctified by god Eros. They went on to bear many more Titan gods and goddesses, including Tethys who would later become the wife of Oceanus. Apollonius of Rhodes, similarly, calls the lower Danube the Kéras Okeanoío ("Gulf" or "Horn of Oceanus"). Herodotus was skeptical about the physical existence of Oceanus and rejected the reasoning—proposed by some of his coevals—according to which the uncommon phenomenon of the summerly Nile flood was caused by the river's connection to the mighty Oceanus. [4] Hesiod lists his Titan siblings as Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, and Cronus. In Greek mythology, Oceanus was the Titan son of Uranus and Gaia, the husband of his sister the Titan Tethys, and the father of the river gods and the Oceanids, as well as being the great river which encircled the entire world. Oceanus is depicted (labeled) as one of the gods fighting the Giants in the Gigantomachy frieze of the second century BC Pergamon Altar. Although little remains of Oceanus, he was apparently shown here with a bull's head. In other tales, Oceanus was portrayed as the 'origin of everything.' [citation needed] In Roman mosaics, such as that from Bardo, he might carry a steering-oar and cradle a ship. In Greek mythology, the Oceanids or Oceanides (/ oʊˈsiːənɪdz, ˈoʊʃənɪdz /; Ancient Greek: Ὠκεανίδες, Ōkeanides, pl. The ancient Greeks viewed Oceanus as a kind and benevolent deity, and he was generally represented as an older male with a flowing beard that symbolized his fatherly authority. Antonyms for Oceanus. It was on Leuke, in one version of his legend, that the hero Achilles, in a hilly tumulus, was buried (which is erroneously connected to the modern town of Kiliya, at the Danube delta). 245, xx. In Greek myth, Oceanus was one of the Titans. This is the god of the backward-flowing river Ocean, which bounds the earth and from which all rivers flow and every sea, and all the springs and wells. [22] Nonnus, in his poem Dionysiaca, described "the lakes" as "liquid daughters cut off from Oceanos". Some believe that Oceanus originally represented all bodies of salt water, including the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the two largest bodies known to the ancient Greeks. Oceanus is represented, identified by inscription, as part of an illustration of the wedding of Peleus and Thetis on the early sixth century BC Attic black-figure "Erskine" dinos by Sophilos (British Museum 1971.111–1.1). Thus, he avoided being imprisoned in Tartarus. [11], According to Hesiod, there were also three thousand Oceanids. According to the Greek poet Homer, he was the origin of all things and of all deities. Oceanus was married to his sister, Tethys, with whom he had numerous children, called Oceanids. [48] But Prometheus mocks Oceanus, asking him: "How did you summon courage to quit the stream that bears your name and the rock-roofed caves you yourself have made"[49] Oceanus advises Prometheus to humble himself before the new ruler Zeus, and so avoid making his situation any worse. 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